A city where traditions and culture dates back to 600 years and religions like Islamic, Hinduism and Jainism have been woven in throughout the country is designated as the only Heritage City of India. Well planned layout of the old city and the historic carved wooden houses called pols bagged Ahmedabad the prestigious title.
Founded by Ahmed Shah, the city’s culture and traditions has been inspired by the religious beliefs followed by its people. Muslims, Jains and Hindus all stay together in the same city respecting each other’s beliefs and faiths.
Mosques are the sacred spiritual sites for Muslims where regular prayer masses are held. Ahmedabad proffers several mosques, however Jama Masjid is one of the ancient and most important Islamic place of worship. It is one of the iconic landmarks of the city’s architectural heritage.
Also popular as Jumma Mosque or Jami, tourists visiting the holy site are delighted gazing at its amazing architecture. It is said that the mosque was the largest mosque of the country built during that period. The unrivalled charm of the splendid mosque draws several visitors every year.
Word Juma is said to have been derived from the auspicious Friday when Muslims all over the world offer their prayers or Namaz.
History of Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
A striking mosque commissioned by the founder of the city, Ahmed Shah I in 1424 is located near Bhadra Fort in the old walled city. This majestic mosque that took around thirteen years to be completed was established as a private shrine for the Gujarat Sultans.
Construction started with its foundation being laid in the year 1411 and was completed in 1424. It was built using the remains from the old Jain and Hindu temples. A black slab located near the arch is believed to be the base of a Jain idol.
It is known from an inscription that the sacred site was inaugurated by Ahmed Shah on 4th January 1424 and was initially used only by him and his family. Later general public was allowed to visit the mosque to offer their prayers.
Architecture of Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
The sacred complex features stunning architecture and is a comprehensive reflection of Indo-Saracenic form of architecture. Set on a 75 m long and 66 m wide rectangular courtyard, it has three entrances. While the prayer hall occupies one side of the mosque the rest of the three sides are lined with a colonnade.
Evenly spaced columns adorned with beautiful Arabic calligraphy and the interiors ornamented with Indo-Saracenic motifs add charm to the imposing mosque. Another noteworthy feature is the well decorated Qibla or the wall of the prayer hall.
A splendid archway greets its visitor to witness the splendour of the ancient mosque. Lower parts of the two minarets or the shaking minarets that were demolished due to the 1819 earthquake can be found at the entrance.
The rectangular prayer hall with around 260 impressive columns is topped with fifteen imposing domes. Square bays are formed by the space between four pillars supported by a dome that is used to perform Namaz.
Built in yellow sandstone as several other historical monuments in the city, light enters the sacred complex through its domes. Jalis or the pierced stone screens are located between the two pillars of the central openings.
A rectangular basin, located in the centre of the marble floored courtyard is used for performing ritual ablutions. As regular practise devotees wash their hands and face in the holy tank.
An ancient sacred site for Muslims reflects a few impressions of Jainism and Hinduism faiths. Some of the beautiful domes are shaped like lotus flowers resembling the domes of the Jain temples.
Similar to the bells of Hindu temples, visitors can encounter pillars carved in the form of a bell hanging on a chain. One can catch a glimpse of a carving of the Om symbol in one of the innermost windows. Jain and Hindu motifs can be noticed on the walls.
Adjacent to the mosque lays the mausoleum of the founder of the city, Ahmed Shah, his son Muhammad Shah and grandson Qutub-ud-din Ahmed Shah II. Graves of their wives are located near it. Visitors would soak in the splendour of the mosque.
Enchanted with the grandeur of the striking mosque, Sir John Marshall had declared it as a classical example of architecture.
Image Gallery of Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
Festivals at Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
Eid is celebrated with grandeur.
How to Reach Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
Jama Masjid is located outside Bhadra Fort on the road connecting Teen Darwaza to Manek Chowk. Ahmedabad can be well accessed by rail, road or air. The nearest airport is Sardar Vallabhai Patel airport and buses can be taken from either Kalupur or Paldi bus stop. The nearest railway station is the Kalupur railway station.
Entry Fees and Timings of Jama Masjid Ahmedabad
There is no entry fees for visiting Jama Masjid and it can witnessed anytime between 6 am in the morning till 8 pm in the evening. As it is a sacred Islamic site, visitors are requested to remove their footwear outside the premises and cover their head before entering the mosque. Only men are allowed into the prayer hall.
Nearby Places of Attractions
Teen Darwaza, Manek Chowk and Swaminarayan Temple
It is a photographer’s delights so do grab amazing pictures of the amazing mosque.