Ahmedabad is a city with a rich history that speaks of Sultans and their queens. Several monuments in the city reflect the Islamic style of architecture and are associated with the royal family. These tourist attractions are on the list of all visitors to the city. They give an idea about the skills of the craftsmen of those days and offer an insight into the past of the city. Visiting these monuments is like taking a walk down the lanes of history and reliving it through these places. Ahmedabad was founded by Ahmad Shah I and Rani No Hajiro is the tomb of his queens. Also known as Mughalai Bibi’s Tomb, this tomb was built in the year 1445 according to historians.
Architecture of Rani No Hajiro
Rani No Hajiro is located near Manek Chowk, on the east side of the tomb of Ahmad Shah himself. The tomb has an ornate gateway which leads to an open courtyard which is approximately 37 meters wide. This enclosure has a raised platform where these tombs are placed. The courtyard is enclosed by a trellised cloister which looks marvelous. There are carved stone screens on the walls of the cloister.
You will find eight tombs crafted out of marble and they belong to the queens of Ahmed Shah I and other Sultanate rulers of that era. All the tombs are embellished with intricate carvings and are inlaid with mother-of-pearl and metal. The main tomb here belongs to Mughalai Bibi, wife of Muhammad Shah II and mother of Mahmud Begada. It is made out of white marble and has a Persian inscription on it. The tomb right next to it is made out of black marble and belongs to Mirki or Murki Bibi, wife of Shah-e-Alam, and daughter of Jam of Sindh.
You would not be able to see the complete work on these tombs as they are covered with rich brocade fabric. Brocade was born during the reign of Ahmed Shah I and the colors of these fabrics are still vibrant. The architectural style of this tomb is a mélange of three styles: Hindu, Jain, and Islamic. During Muharram, a festival of the Muslims, one can see artisans building tazia preparation at the tomb.
As of today, some Muslim families living inside the complex take care of these tombs. The place is usually kept locked and the guard at the premises opens it for the visitors.
Rani no Hajiro Ahmedabad Image Gallery
Places to visit near Rani No Hajiro
1. The street market: The road leading up to Rani No Hajiro has several shops and stalls selling traditional clothing, traditional fabrics, and accessories. During the festival of Navratri, this market is crowded with women buying traditional garba outfits like chaniya choli and oxidized jewelry.
2. Manek Chowk: Manek Chowk is a multi-faceted market that serves as a vegetable market in the morning, a jewelry market during the day and food street at night. You will get to taste some of the Ahmedabad’s exemplary and unique dishes here like Chocolate sandwich and Gwalior Dosa. Do try the Asharfi Kulfi which was the thing that made this market famous when it first started.
3. Bhadra Fort and Teen Darwaza: Teen Darwaza is an elaborate historical doorway with three intricately carved arches. The construction of this gateway was completed in the year 1915 and it is a part of the logo of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. Bhadra Fort which is close to Teen Darwaza is home to a temple of goddess Bhadra Kali and has a lot of stories attached to it. Legend has it that Goddess Lakshmi had entered this fort and blessed the city to always remain prosperous. It is also believed that there are hidden treasures in this fort.
4. Sidi Sayyed Mosque: A favorite amongst photographers who visit the city, Sidi Sayyed Mosque is famous for its magnificent architecture. The open windows or vents are made up of very fine jali or latticework. The stone slabs are also engraved with intertwined vines and palm foliage. These jalis are one of the most photographed structures of the city.
5. Jama Masjid: Also known as Jumma Masjid, it is one of the highest watermarked mosques in the western side of India. This mosque was built over thirteen years and the construction was completed in the year 1424. It has the tombs of Sultan Ahmad Shah along with his sons and grandsons. The architecture of this mosque is a blend of Hindu and Islamic styles which was a common feature of structures belonging to that century. Amazing meshwork on the windows of this mosque illuminates the prayer room with sunlight.
6. Hathee Singh Jain Temple: This temple is a relatively newer attraction of the city as it was built in 1848 by a Jain merchant called Hathee Singh, whose wife undertook the completion of this temple after his death. The temple is made out of gorgeous white marble and the cost of building this temple was ten lacs. The temple is home to 52 small shrines dedicated to the various Tirthankars. Though the architectural style of this temple is predominantly Hindu, few Islamic motifs can be noticed on the pillars.
7. Qutb-ud-din Mosque: The mosque was built in 1446 by Sultan Qutb-ud-din Ahmad Shah II during the rule of his father Sultan Muhammad Shah II. The structure has elements of both Hindu and Islamic architecture. There are five large and ten smaller domes along with five arched entrances. The intricate carvings on the two central domes which have a Mughal arch on top depict a mix of Hindu and Islamic architecture. Local people also know this mosque as Pattharvali Masjid.
How to Reach Ahmedabad
The city is well connected to all major cities of the country through a railway network and has excellent air connectivity. Sardar Vallabhbhai Airport is both a domestic as well an international airport with regular flights to all prime destinations in India and across the globe. A good bus network connects Ahmedabad to all neighboring cities. For easy commutation within the city, you can book a private cab from top car rental companies in Ahmedabad.
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